Lumbini city sightseeing tour is one of the most significant pilgrimage destinations in the world. Lumbini in Nepal is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha. It is one of the most significant pilgrimage destinations located in the southern Terai plains of Nepal. Buddha is known as the light of Asia. Lumbini World Heritage Site is not only a place of pilgrimage but also an international tourist attraction where Lord Buddha was born, who ultimately got enlightenment and preached his message to the world. The monumental and habitational structures, stone sculptures, terracotta human and animal figurines, fragments of pottery belonging to the Mauryan, Suńga, Kushaņa, Gupta, Vardhan and Sena-Pala periods can be seen through the Lumbini tour.
Lumbini is situated in Kapilvastu District of Lumbini Zone, the western Terai of Nepal, and 250 Km. southwest of Kathmandu. From Kathmandu, it takes about eight hours by bus or car to start our Lumbini sightseeing. The main attraction at the Lumbini city tour remains the Sacred Garden that is spread over 8 sq. km, the Mayadevi Temple, Ashoka Pillar, sacred pond, China Temple, etc. The sacred Garden possesses all the treasures of the historic area. The Mayadevi temple is the main attraction for pilgrims and archaeologists alike. Here we find a bas relief of Mayadevi, the Buddha’s mother giving birth to him. Standing west to the Maya Devi shrine is the oldest monument of Nepal; the Ashoka’s pillar. Emperor Ashoka built the pillar in 249 BC to commemorate his pilgrimage to the sacred site. To the south of the pillar, we find the sacred pond, Puskarni, where Queen Mayadevi had taken a bath just before giving birth to the Buddha. Today the holy site is being developed as the supreme Buddhist pilgrimage and a symbol of world peace.
The shrines and monasteries built by different countries and at different times reflect the architectural traditions of the respective countries and thus giving Lumbini an international feel with a message of universal friendship and brotherhood. About 30km east of Lumbini is the village of Tilaurakot, which is believed to have been the location of the Kapilvastu royal palace where the Buddha grew up as the Shakya dynasty prince until he renounced it at the age of 29 in search of enlightenment. A tour & sightseeing of Lumbini destination will bring emancipation in one’s life, which is so pure, peaceful and prosperous to those who seek salvation from the filthy activities practiced in the world.
The places to see in Lumbini
About 10 kilometers northwest of Taulihawa is a rectangular fortified area popularly known as Arorakot, which is believed to be the natal town of Kanakmuni Buddha. There are remains of an ancient moat and the fortification made of bricks. A brick-lined will is seen to the south and an elevated mound is toward the northwest.
About 5 kilometers southwest of Taulihawa, there is a village called Gotihawa where an Ashoka pillar is broken and lost. The lower portion is 3.5 meters high and still intact. A huge Stupa is seen to the northeast of the pillar.
About 2 kilometers northwest of Taulihawa on a roadside is the dilapidated village of Kudan.
About 8 kilometer northwest of Taulihawa is another site of archaeological importance. The place has a quadrangular pond surrounded by bushes locally known as Niglisagar. On the western bank of the pond there are two broken pieces of the Ashoka Pillar, the longer one lying flat on the ground while the shorter ones stand erect. The pillar bears two peacocks on the top.
About 12 kilometers north of Taulihawa is the forest of Sagarhawa. In the midst of the forest here is a huge rectangular pond, locally known as Lumbusagar or a long pond.
Situated at about 35 kilometers northeast of Lumbini, Devdaha is believed to be the maternal home of Prince Siddhartha. Siddhartha’s wife Princess Yasodhara was also from Devdaha.
The Sacred garden:
The Sacred Garden is the beautiful area around the Asoka pillar where you can spend some time relaxing and wandering around. Many countries have built monasteries in this area, it’s possible to walk around and visit them as you like.
Museums are in Lumbini
Lumbini Museum is located in the Cultural Zone, contains Mauryan and Kushana coins, religious manuscripts, terra-cotta fragments, and stone and metal sculptures. It also possesses an extensive collection of stamps from various countries depicting Lumbini and the Buddha.
Kapilvastu Museum is situated 27 km west of Lumbini in the village of Tilaurakot. The museum holds coins, pottery, and toys dating between the seventh century BC and fourth century AD. The museum also has a good collection of jewelry and other ornaments of that period.
Lumbini International Research Institute (LIRI) is located opposite to the Lumbini Museum, provides research facilities for the study of Buddhism and religion in general. Run jointly by the Lumbini Development Trust (LDT) and the Reiyukai of Japan, LIRI contains some 12,000 books on religion, philosophy, art, and architecture.